The Jawa 350 is a motorcycle that was produced by Jawa Moto in Czechoslovakia from the 1930s until 1992, and in the Czech Republic until present. In the 1950s, with its two-stroke, air-cooled 343cc engine it could reach speeds of 132 kilometres per hour and was exported into over 120 countries in the world.
The Jawa 350 remains popular thanks to its dominance of the Communist Bloc countries of Eastern Europe from the 1960s to the 1990s. Competitors of that time included the German MZ (250cc) and Simson (250cc Sport & Awo), the Hungarian Pannonia (250cc), the Polish Junak (350cc) and the Soviet IZh (350cc). This was a period before the penetration of Eastern Europe by Japanese motorcycle manufacturers.
The Jawa 350 two-stroke twin-cylinder motorcycle is still in production. Although its styling and design has changed over the years, it is mechanically almost unchanged since the 1970s.